Miescher´s cheilitis granulomatosa A non-infectious granulomatous disorder of the orofacial region.
Mikulicz disease A disease described by Dr. Johann Mikulicz in 1888, the symptoms of which were painless bilateral swelling of the lacrimal, parotid and submandibular glands. The patient described later died of intra-abdominal lymphoma. This disease has later been proved to be Sjogrens syndrome.
Mile Linear measure, measuring length. 1 mile is 1.609 kilometers. 1 km is 0.621 miles.
Milzbrand A synonym for Anthrax
MLD (Abbr) Minimal lethal dose, the smallest dose of a drug or another toxic substance reported to cause death.
mm Hg (Abbr) Millimeter(s) of mercury, usually concerning blood pressure.
MMR vaccine Vaccine against measles, mumps and rubella.
MMSE (Abbr) Mini Mental State Examination, a screening test used in the diagnostic work up of Alzheimers disease
MODY Maturity Onset Diabetes of the Young
Molecular absorbent recycling system (MARS) A novel dialysis system used in the treatment of severe liver insufficiency.
Monilia An formerly used name for Candida, yeast
Moniliasis Candidiasis, infection caused by candida
Mono- (Pre) One, single
Monocellular Unicellular, consisting of one cell
Moore´s disease Abdominal epilepsy, a form of epilepsy causing symtom in the gastrointestinal tract.
Morbus Crohn Crohn´s disease, see Crohn´s disease
Moribund Dying, in a state of dying
Mors (Lat) Death
Mors subita (Lat) Sudden death
Motilin A gastrointestinal hormone procuced in the upper small bowel. The main physiological effect is stimulation of gastric emptying and gut motility.
MRI Magnetic Resonance Imaging
MRSA Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus, a bacteria resistant to many antibiotics causing severe infections in hospital environment.
Mucosectomy (Usually endoscopic) mucosal resection
Multifactorial (Adj) Describing a condition with several (etiologic) factors, e.g. a disease thought to be caused by both genetic and environmental factors.
Multi-organ failure The end stage of a serious disease caracterized where several organ systems are affected.
Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Type 1 (Wermer´s Syndrome) A inherited syndrome characterized by benign or malignant tumors or cellular proliferation in the parathyreoid and pituitary glands and pancreatic islets tumors. The parathyreoid hyperplasia causes hyperparathyreoidism. The pituitary tumor is most often prolactinomas. The pancreas tumors is gastrinoma (causing Zollinger-Ellison Syndroma), insulinoma or more seldom glucagonoma or VIPoma.
MUS (Abbr) Medically Unexplained Symptoms
Musculoskeletal Related to muscle and bone
Myalgia Muscle pain
Myo- (pre) Related to the muscular system
Myositis Muscle inflammation